Popular Oak Trees - 'Quercus' speciesOak Trees are members of the genus Quercus with is of the beech family Fagaceae. There are approximately 600 extant species of oak, of which many are trees. Oak Trees make wonderful additions to the environment. By providing attractive shelter and food for wildlife, they remain important trees for natural forest reclamation. Oak Trees also provide excellent erosion control and can often be used for timber after extended time. For these reasons, they make excellent candidates for reforestation programs. Helping programs such as the USDA Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), EPA sponsored conservation programs, etc., Oak Trees are known for their beautiful fall colors and are relatively disease resistant. A classic deciduous tree, oak seedlings are strong trees that can live for centuries. Listed below are some notable traits.
|Some Popular Species:
||Cherry Bark Oak (Quercus pagodifolia), Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra), Pin Oak (Quercus palustris), Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima), Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardi), Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor)|
||Deciduous Shade Trees|
||Leaves are simple, elliptical in shape and with solid stem. They vary in relative size anywhere from 2 to 5 inches and the upper portion of the leaf is dark green with a shiny texture while the bottom is usually a dull gray tone with leathery feel. Leaves turn wonderful shades of red, orange, and yellow throughout the fall.|
||Varies by species and cultivar.|
||With age, Oak Trees have very distinct stages of bark. While young trees can have dark brown bark, older trees will have distinct ridged or scaly bark with a red or even black coloration.|
||Who is not familiar with the mighty acorn? The light to dark brown, bitter nut can be found attached to the tree by itself or in clusters. The typical Oak Tree does not produce acorns until the mature age of 20 years or more.|
||Excellent shade trees and the national tree of the United States, the mighty Oak Tree is a wonderful addition to any landscape that provides adequate drainage and space. Oak Trees are wonderful for wildlife and are found naturally in woodlands and forests across the world.|
||Dig a hole three times the diameter of the root system, with a depth no deeper than the original soil line on trunk. Break up the soil to the finest consistency possible. Place plant in hole and fill, compacting the fill dirt. Water the plant heavily to seal soil around the roots and remove air pockets. Water well, and remember to water regularly until they have started to grow.